- No. of residential properties: 504 (Mar 2012)
- No. of affordable residential properties: 504 (Mar 2012)
- Proportion of the suburb that is affordable: 100.0% (Mar 2012)
- Average residential erf size: 403 sq. m. (Mar 2012)
- Churn of residential properties: 1.6% (Apr 2011 to Mar 2012)
- Churn of residential properties (sales between individuals): 1.6% (Apr 2011 to Mar 2012)
- Proportion of sales that are bonded: 87.50% (Apr 2011 to Mar 2012)
- Average sales price between individuals: R408,125 (Apr 2011 to Mar 2012)
- Bank market share of number of bonds (Apr 2011 to Mar 2012):
- ABSA: 14%
- FNB: 14%
- Nedcor: 43%
- Standard Bank: 29%
- Average time between purchase and registration (Apr 2011 to Mar 2012): 7.5 months
Information obtained from the document archives of the Neighbourhood Development Programme, National Treasury. The documents reviewed were developed by Municipalities.
Mamelodi is one of the largest townships in the Tshwane metropolitan district. The name “Mamelodi”, which means “mother of melodies”, derives from the name given to President Paul Kruger by black people because of his unusual ability to whistle and imitate birds.
Mamelodi is located 20km east of the city of Pretoria and comprises 10732 hectares of land. Mamelodi is a key urban settlement in the greater Gauteng region. Migration to Tshwane in 2004 was 156 359 residents. Mamelodi is a favoured area for migrants because of its proximity to economic opportunities in the Tshwane Central Business District (CBD). Its connectivity and stability makes it one of the most attractive areas to enter the city.
Mamelodi was established in 1953 as an urban housing scheme, designed exclusively for occupation by black African residents. In line with Apartheid planning Mamelodi was intended to provide a cheap labour pool for industries in Pretoria and the wider Gauteng region.
This township started with 16 houses which were built for Black people on a farm called Vlakfontein. In the 1960s black citizens where forcefully removed to Mamelodi from the suburbs of Lady Selbourne in Pretoria, Ga-Rankuwa and Atteridgeville as part of the implementation of the Group Areas Act. The first residents worked at bottle-making and brick factories.
Since Mamelodi was designed as a planned, single-use dormitory suburb, the predominant land use remains housing. Today, the township consists of a mix of housing for different income groups. The types of housing includes:
- Informal settlements such as Mandela Park. These settlements are growing rapidly and place a strain on infrastructure supply in Mamelodi. The type of housing provided in these settlements is generally free standing shacks (rented or owned), built from a mixture of poor quality building materials such as corrugated iron, wood, plastic, tin etc. Generally this is poor quality housing, small in size and vulnerable to the elements (wind, sun, fire, flooding)
- Free standing detached and semi-detached housing : generally with access to formal services
- Backyard shacks: informal structures built/erected by tenants in the backyard of formal plots with shared access to basic services with the main household.
According to the Mamelodi Regeneration Strategy (2010) access to infrastructure in Mamelodi is summarized as follows:
- Social facilities: There are many facilities in the west, which could be utilised as multi-purpose facilities, but there is a definite lack of facilities located in the east. Poor access to the following facilities were indicated: sports facilities, medical facilities and police stations. [Urban Genesis, pp 57-64]
- Transport: Most residents travel by foot (36.4%) and taxi (27.4%) and to a lesser extent train (15.7%). Other forms of transport include bus (9%), private vehicle (4.6%) and other (6.9%).[Demacon, p160]
- Access to services: Access to services is poor and includes electricity (64%), piped water in yard (53%), piped water in house (25%) and flush toilet (at least in yard) (78%)[Demacon, pp 161]
The Mamelodi Regeneration Strategy is a long-term urban renewal initiative implemented by the City of Tshwane Metropolitan Municipality (CoT). The project was initiated in 2005 with the aid of:
- identifying what the potential of Mamelodi is;
- which elements are necessary to get there and how they relate to each other;
- understanding of how these elements can be combined to achieve the required performance; and
- what resources are required.
In February 2009 GAPP architects and urban designers were contracted to establish the broader project components and assist in the preparation of the regeneration strategies and master plans for Mamelodi as part of the appraisal phase of the Neighbourhood Development Project Grant (funded by the National Treasury).
Presently, some of the planning projects[Planning projects and proposals are aligned with existing wider Mamelodi projects underway. The proposed projects will seek to reinforce connectivity between the existing projects and establish a fully functioning node, central to the surrounding projects] include:
- Expansion of intermediate nodes such as Max City and Khutsong, as well as a proposed mixed use facility to the south of Mamelodi.
- The Solomon Mahlangue Precinct upgrade and extension of municipal services, as well as the provision of a Museum to the north of the precinct.
- The upgrading of cricket fields and surrounding open spaces, including the concept of utilising the cricket grounds as park and ride facilities for the HM Pitje Stadium and Moretele Park.
- A T-Section urban design framework and surrounding sidewalk improvement upgrades. This region will also take into account the budgets set aside for a police station, municipal functions and post office upgrades.
- The Mamelodi Central Mall proposal.
- An upgrade of Stations proposed for among others Eerste Fabrieke station
- Long-term housing feasibility studies and state housing developments into mixed density, mixed income housing, hostel redevelopments and in-situ upgrading of informal settlements.
The demographic profile of Mamelodi is set out below.
|Population Size||341 626 inhabitants – 359 122 inhabitants (Census/StatsSA, 2001) (estimated 4% of Thswane’s population)|
|Racial composition||Predominantly Black African|
|Age Profile||Majority of residents are between 20-24 years old|
|No of households||106 670 dwelling units|
|Ave Household Size||3.4 members|
|Population Density||Average of 9415.5 people / km²; household density: 2 835.7 households / km²|
|Employment Status||45.9% of residents are economically active|
|Poverty Indicators||60% of residents earn an average annual income of R30 000 or less (Demacon, 2010: pg.155-158) of that 60%, a further 20% declare no income[Presumably, ‘no-income’ refers to no formal income and does not take into account variable income generating strategies which are typically informal and generally hard to record]|
- GAPP Architects (2010) Tsosoloso Programme: Mamelodi Regeneration Strategy. Specialist Report commissioned by the City of Tshwane Metropolitan Municipality (CoT).
- GAPP Architects (2010) Tsosoloso Programme: Mamelodi Review. Specialist Report commissioned by the City of Tshwane Metropolitan Municipality (CoT). URL
- Demacon – Mamelodi NDPG Socio-Economic Market Study. MARKET RESEARCH FINDINGS & RECOMMENDATIONS. June 2010
- Urban Genesis – Mamelodi Township Regeneration Strategy: Housing Specialist Input, May 2010
- Urban Genesis – Township Regeneration Strategy: Draft urban Management Specialist Input, May 2010
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